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Gender Matrix

The Gender Analysis and COVID-19 Matrix provides a rapid snapshot of the gendered impacts of the outbreak in each country. It aims to document the wide-ranging impacts across multiple domains to illuminate how gender and other inequities impact and are impacted by the response. The next step of the project will analyze if and how COVID-19 policies respond to these impacts.

A gender matrix is an analytical tool used to analyze how people of different genders (men, women, and with non-binary gender identities) experience an event or health challenge. It promotes consideration of how an individual’s experience of the particular issue (horizontal categories) interact with gender-related considerations (vertical categories). Gender analysis matrixes are also used within programs or interventions to explore how gender power relations may affect the ability of an intervention to meet its objective.

We have designed a Gender Analysis and COVID-19 Matrix to reflect on how experiences and responses to the outbreak are structured not just by risk, illness, and health services, but also social, economic, and security factors. Our gender considerations aim to take a multidimensional perspective on gender – recognizing gender interacts with access to resource, the roles we fill in society, what is expected of us, and power dynamics. It includes evidence of the ways in which gender power relations manifest to create inequities and/or differences in experiences.

The Matrix is intersectional. We aim to document how various factors – such as race, ethnicity, and sexuality – interact with gender to structure inequities.

The Matrix is dynamic. Considering the fast-moving nature of the COVID-19 outbreak, we have begun with a rapid gender analysis using the matrix domains to guide our analysis of policy, media, and other documents, which we will update monthly. As we conduct primary research, we will add depth of data and analysis to the Matrix.

Methodology: Building off of other gender matrixes, the team collaboratively developed and refined the COVID-19 and gender domains, developing a codebook to define each of the domain intersections. News and web content were systematically searched for evidence of gender impacts of the outbreak and response, and each impact was then classified by domain and entered into the Matrix.

Canada

 

Access to Resources Labour/Roles Norms/Beliefs Power Institutions/ Laws
Risk Lack of access to housing means 20% Indigenous people live in overcrowding; can't isolate
Illness/ Treatment Undocumented migrants scared to seek testing and treatment
Health Systems/ Services Children in low income families - most often headed by women - less likely to have access to internet for online schooling
Social Impacts
Economic Impacts 42% of youth (15-24) fear losing their job/income due to COVID-19
Security Impacts

Make your own Matrix!

Using a gender analysis matrix will allow you to design gender responsive research or interventions in a systematic way. It can be used to:

1. Identify how gender analysis can be conducted within existing data sets, and/or

2. Identify key gender-related considerations for research, programmes or policies and how research, programmes or policies can be modified to take into account such considerations.

The matrix can be used to identify and/or develop: gender considerations (barriers and opportunities), analytical gender analysis questions, gender analysis questions for inclusion in data collection tools, codes for qualitative data analysis, variables for quantitative analysis, and gender indicators for monitoring and evaluation.

While, gender analysis matrixes are meant to be modified to meet study or intervention needs and objectives, the gender analysis domains should remain the same. The topic domains should be modified to relate to areas of consideration within your programme, study, or intervention.

The Gender Analysis and COVID-19 matrix (pdf) provides a series of questions that fit into the domains described in the table above.

You should write your answers in the Gender Analysis Matrix Template (doc).

We would love to see any Matrices that you produce for your own countries. Use the contact page to get in touch!

Gender Working Group

We meet online on the third Wednesday of every month to discuss key issues, activities, opportunities, and ideas for collaboration. We have a long and growing list of resources on gender and COVID-19.

JOIN US >

Matrices
Matrices

Gender Working Group

We meet online on the third Wednesday of every month to discuss key issues, activities, opportunities, and ideas for collaboration. We have a long and growing list of resources on gender and COVID-19.

JOIN US >

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Risk & Access to Resources (Canada)

Risk & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of how formal and informal gender roles increase risk of infection

Risk & Norms/Beliefs (Canada)

Examples of gendered understandings of vulnerability and risk

Risk & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of who has ability to protect themselves, move freely to avoid infection, etc. and who does not

Risk & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Examples of policies and laws that might increase vulnerability/risk of specific genders or groups

Illness & Access to Resources (Canada)

Examples of how access to resources affect experiances of illness/treatment

Illness & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of who cares for ill and how labour effects experiances of illness

Illness & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of who has ability to make decisions about treatment and care

Illness & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Examples of policies and laws that might affect health outcomes of specific genders or groups

Social Impacts & Access to Resources (Canada)

Health Sytems & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of impacts on healthcare workers; how gendered roles (formal and informal) affected experiances of health systems & services

Health Systems & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of who makes decisions and has power within health systems and about services

Health Systems & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Examples of policies and laws that affect both COVID related healthcare and other healthcare system functions

Social Impacts & Access to Resources (Canada)

Examples of how changes in access to social programs and social response programs affect people differently

Social Impacts & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of impacts on social roles of and social costs born by different genders and groups

Social Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Canada)

Examples of sexist, racist, etc. attitudes and the impacts of different social groups

Social Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of who is deciding social priorities and how social autonomy is affected by outbreak and response

Social Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to education or social supports, and that do or do not address discrimination

Economic Impacts & Access to Resources (Canada)

Examples of who has access to employment, income support, internet to work from home, etc. and who doesn't

Economic Impacts & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of different economic impacts on gender dominated industries and on care roles

Economic Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Canada)

Examples of expectations around who gives up paid employment and what industries are most important

Economic Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of who decides how resources are used, who has financial influence and who doesn't and why, as well as incidents of economic discrimination/disempowerment

Economic Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Security Impacts & Access to Resources (Canada)

Examples of links between access to resources - like housing, income support - and insecurity

Security Impacts & Labour/Roles (Canada)

Examples of incidents of violence and/or discrimination towards care providers/workers; role of security sector in response

Security Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Canada)

Examples of who is viewed as a threat to security and who is viewed as victims of insecurity during crisis

Security Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Canada)

Examples of insecurity exacerbated by power relationships / disempowerment

Security Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Canada)

Examples of policies, laws and institutions related to protecting specific populations, addressing violence and hate etc.

Risk & Access to Resources (China)

Examples of how access to resources affects risk of COVID-19 infection

Risk & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of how formal and informal gender roles increase risk of infection

Risk & Norms/Beliefs (China)

Examples of gendered understandings of vulnerability and risk

Risk & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of who has ability to protect themselves, move freely to avoid infection, etc. and who does not

Risk & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies and laws that might increase vulnerability/risk of specific genders or groups

Illness & Access to Resources (China)

Examples of how access to resources affect experiances of illness/treatment

Illness & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of who cares for ill and how labour effects experiances of illness

Illness & Norms / Beliefs (China)

Examples of stigma associated with infection and differences associate with perceptions of illness

Illness & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of who has ability to make decisions about treatment and care

Illness & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies and laws that might affect health outcomes of specific genders or groups

Health Systems & Access to Resources (China)

Examples of how access to COVID related and other health serivces has changed and is structured

Health Sytems & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of impacts on healthcare workers; how gendered roles (formal and informal) affected experiances of health systems & services

Health Systems & Norms/Beliefs (China)

Examples of how prioritization of health services affected different groups and of attitudes towards different genders and groups by health workforce

Health Systems & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of who makes decisions and has power within health systems and about services

Health Systems & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies and laws that affect both COVID related healthcare and other healthcare system functions

Social Impacts & Access to Resources (China)

Examples of how changes in access to social programs and social response programs affect people differently

Social Impacts & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of impacts on social roles of and social costs born by different genders and groups

Social Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (China)

Examples of sexist, racist, etc. attitudes and the impacts of different social groups

Social Impacts & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of who is deciding social priorities and how social autonomy is affected by outbreak and response

Social Impacts & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to education or social supports, and that do or do not address discrimination

Economic Impacts & Access to Resources (China)

Examples of who has access to employment, income support, internet to work from home, etc. and who doesn't

Economic Impacts & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of different economic impacts on gender dominated industries and on care roles

Economic Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (China)

Examples of expectations around who gives up paid employment and what industries are most important

Economic Impacts & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of who decides how resources are used, who has financial influence and who doesn't and why, as well as incidents of economic discrimination/disempowerment

Economic Impacts & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to economic supports and resoruces

Security Impacts & Labour/Roles (China)

Examples of incidents of violence and/or discrimination towards care providers/workers; role of security sector in response

Security Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (China)

Examples of who is viewed as a threat to security and who is viewed as victims of insecurity during crisis

Security Impacts & Power/Decision-making (China)

Examples of insecurity exacerbated by power relationships / disempowerment

Security Impacts & Institutions/Laws (China)

Examples of policies, laws and institutions related to protecting specific populations, addressing violence and hate etc.

Risk & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of how access to resources affects risk of COVID-19 infection

Risk & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of how formal and informal gender roles increase risk of infection

Risk & Norms/Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of gendered understandings of vulnerability and risk

Risk & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong)

Examples of who has ability to protect themselves, move freely to avoid infection, etc. and who does not

Risk & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies and laws that might increase vulnerability/risk of specific genders or groups

Illness & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of how access to resources affect experiances of illness/treatment

Illness & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of who cares for ill and how labour effects experiances of illness

Illness & Norms / Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of stigma associated with infection and differences associate with perceptions of illness

Illness & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong)

Examples of who has ability to make decisions about treatment and care

Illness & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies and laws that might affect health outcomes of specific genders or groups

Health Systems & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of how access to COVID related and other health serivces has changed and is structured

Health Sytems & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of impacts on healthcare workers; how gendered roles (formal and informal) affected experiances of health systems & services

Health Systems & Norms/Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of how prioritization of health services affected different groups and of attitudes towards different genders and groups by health workforce

Health Systems & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong

Examples of who makes decisions and has power within health systems and about services

Social Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to education or social supports, and that do or do not address discrimination

Social Impacts & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of how changes in access to social programs and social response programs affect people differently

Social Impacts & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of impacts on social roles of and social costs born by different genders and groups

Social Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of sexist, racist, etc. attitudes and the impacts of different social groups

Social Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong)

Examples of who is deciding social priorities and how social autonomy is affected by outbreak and response

Health Systems & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies and laws that affect both COVID related healthcare and other healthcare system functions

Economic Impacts & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of who has access to employment, income support, internet to work from home, etc. and who doesn't

Economic Impacts & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of different economic impacts on gender dominated industries and on care roles

Economic Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of expectations around who gives up paid employment and what industries are most important

Economic Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong)

Examples of who decides how resources are used, who has financial influence and who doesn't and why, as well as incidents of economic discrimination/disempowerment

Economic Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to economic supports and resoruces

Security Impacts & Access to Resources (Hong Kong)

Examples of links between access to resources - like housing, income support - and insecurity

Security Impacts & Labour/Roles (Hong Kong)

Examples of incidents of violence and/or discrimination towards care providers/workers; role of security sector in response

Security Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (Hong Kong)

Examples of who is viewed as a threat to security and who is viewed as victims of insecurity during crisis

Security Impacts & Power/Decision-making (Hong Kong)

Examples of insecurity exacerbated by power relationships / disempowerment

Security Impacts & Institutions/Laws (Hong Kong)

Examples of policies, laws and institutions related to protecting specific populations, addressing violence and hate etc.

Risk & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of how access to resources affects risk of COVID-19 infection

 

Risk & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of how formal and informal gender roles increase risk of infection

 

Risk & Norms/Beliefs (UK)

Examples of gendered understandings of vulnerability and risk

 

Risk & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of who has ability to protect themselves, move freely to avoid infection, etc. and who does not

 

Risk & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies and laws that might increase vulnerability/risk of specific genders or groups

 

Illness & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of how access to resources affect experiances of illness/treatment

 

Illness & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of who cares for ill and how labour effects experiances of illness

 

Illness & Norms / Beliefs (UK)

Examples of stigma associated with infection and differences associate with perceptions of illness

 

Illness & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of who has ability to make decisions about treatment and care

 

Illness & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies and laws that might affect health outcomes of specific genders or groups

Health Systems & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of how access to COVID related and other health serivces has changed and is structured

Health Sytems & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of impacts on healthcare workers; how gendered roles (formal and informal) affected experiances of health systems & services

 

Health Systems & Norms/Beliefs (UK)

Examples of how prioritization of health services affected different groups and of attitudes towards different genders and groups by health workforce

 

Health Systems & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of who makes decisions and has power within health systems and about services

 

 

Health Systems & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies and laws that affect both COVID related healthcare and other healthcare system functions

 

Social Impacts & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of how changes in access to social programs and social response programs affect people differently

Social Impacts & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of impacts on social roles of and social costs born by different genders and groups

 

 

Social Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (UK)

Examples of sexist, racist, etc. attitudes and the impacts of different social groups

 

Social Impacts & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of who is deciding social priorities and how social autonomy is affected by outbreak and response

Social Impacts & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to education or social supports, and that do or do not address discrimination

 

 

Economic Impacts & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of who has access to employment, income support, internet to work from home, etc. and who doesn't

 

Economic Impacts & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of different economic impacts on gender dominated industries and on care roles

 

Economic Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (UK)

Examples of expectations around who gives up paid employment and what industries are most important

Economic Impacts & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of who decides how resources are used, who has financial influence and who doesn't and why, as well as incidents of economic discrimination/disempowerment

 

Economic Impacts & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies and laws that determine access to economic supports and resources:

 

Security Impacts & Access to Resources (UK)

Examples of links between access to resources - like housing, income support - and insecurity

 

Security Impacts & Norms/Beliefs (UK)

Examples of who is viewed as a threat to security and who is viewed as victims of insecurity during crisis

 

Security Impacts & Labour/Roles (UK)

Examples of incidents of violence and/or discrimination towards care providers/workers; role of security sector in response

Security Impacts & Power/Decision-making (UK)

Examples of insecurity exacerbated by power relationships / disempowerment

 

 

Security Impacts & Institutions/Laws (UK)

Examples of policies, laws and institutions related to protecting specific populations, addressing violence and hate etc.